Michael Chapel was convicted for the 1993 Armed Robbery and Murder of a Sugar Hill Grandmother, Emogene Thompson.
Officer Chapel had been profiled by Internal Affairs due to a rash of dirty cops in south metro Atlanta shortly before the murder occurred.
Chapel was eventually cleared of any involvement related to the dirty cops and the circumstantial case against him literally fell apart. However, he had already been arrested and the District Attorney and Brass at PD had gone out and declared him a horrible murderer.
One of the dirty cops in his department, who was likely involved in the murder, killed himself immediately after an investigation was triggered by statements Michael Chapel and his Defense Attorney made in connection to his wrongdoings.
Another officer went into the suicide scene, to secure what the Chief Detective said was a suicide note, and others believed to be a confession. Instead he deleted the note, and what would later be described as two hard drives full of incriminating evidence against multiple officers.
An Open Records request has revealed that the Chief of Police and numerous other leaders in the Police Department were present when all this evidence was destroyed. Most of the same leaders, including the Chief and under Chief were present when the lead Investigator on the case wrote in his case notebook that “We may want to manufacture witnesses”.
The record proves that evidence was illegally withheld by the DA, and evidence was “lost,” destroyed, manipulated and manufactured to convict Officer Chapel.
Part of Scott Peterson‘s habeas appeal is that Laci Peterson walked the family dog McKenzie AFTER Scott left home on the day Laci Peterson vanished.
Firstly there were multiple witnesses who believe they saw Laci walking the dog, who never testified at trial, notably Diana Campos, who states in a sworn declaration:
Sometime close to 10:45 a.m. — not long before my 11:00 a-m. start time — a barking dog caught my attention in the park below. I saw a very pregnant woman holding the barking dog’s leash. The dog looked like a golden retriever with a white marking down the front of his chest. I noticed two men who looked homeless near her who told her to “shut the fucking dog up.”…I am 99% certain that I saw Ms. Peterson walking a dog on December 24, 2002.
On December 24, 2002, my wife Martha and l were driving from our home up La Loma Avenue, away from Yosemite Blvd., and towards downtown Modesto. As we were driving, we saw a pregnant woman walking towards us with a dog on a leash. We passed her on the passenger side of the car. l was driving. it was cold out and the woman caught our attention because she was not wearing a jacket. She was only wearing a white blouse and black pants. ….. Based on the pictures l saw in the news, l am sure that the woman l saw walking a dog on December 24, 2002, was Laci Peterson.
Bill Mitchell states in a sworn declaration that his wife Vivian believed she saw Laci:
Vivian never doubted that she had seen Laci Peterson that morning. The dog that I saw also matched the description of Laci’s dog. Vivian and I both have good eye sight; we use glasses for reading but could see objects at a distance with no trouble.
I testified at Scott Peterson’s trial in 2004. Neither the prosecutor nor the defense asked me whether or not the gate was open or McKenzie barked on the morning of December 24, 2002. If I had been asked, I would have testified in accord with my statements to police on December 27, 2002, and with this declaration. The side gate was open and McKenzie was not barking.
Since a neighbour testified she put the dog back in the yard at 10:18a.m., and Graybill was at the Peterson home sometime between 10:35 and 10:50 a.m., the only reasonable explanation for the gate being open and McKenzie not barking is that Laci took the dog for a walk and left the side gate open.
None of the witnesses who believe they saw Laci walking the dog testified at trial, Mark Geragos, Scott’s lead attorney has stated in a sworn declaration:
74. Had I been aware of the handwritten police report describing Graybill’s Observations —— which supported the theory that Laci left the house after 10:18 a.m. — I would have made a different evaluation of the credibility of the witnesses who claimed to have seen Laci walking the dog later than 10:18 am. I therefore would have called these witnesses to testify as promised in my opening statement.
Finally, there is evidence suggesting that the burglary of the Medinas, the house opposite Laci Peterson’s home started on the 24th of December and not the 26th of December as the burglars claimed, and that one of the burglars saw Laci alive ( this is known as the Aponte tip ).
GERAGOS: Okay. And specifically it’s a sheet that was phoned in at, looks like 4:10, looks like from Sergeant Ed Steele; is that right?GROGAN: Yes. GERAGOS: And who is he? GROGAN: He’s a sergeant with the Modesto Police Department. He was assigned to go –JUDGE: Detective Grogan, you’re talking away from the microphone. I’m not sure they can hear you. GROGAN: Assigned to go to the volunteer center after it was opened at the hotel. GERAGOS: Okay. And he talked to Diane Jackson, who, the woman that we had pointed out, lived on this Edgebrook Street in that La Loma neighborhood; is that correct? GROGAN: I’m not sure if he talked to her directly when, when she called in, or if he received that information and then just passed it on. GERAGOS: Okay. And then he said that, what was on the call sheet was that she witnessed a burglary on Covena, correct? 459 is a Penal Code Section for burglary? GROGAN: Yes. GERAGOS: On 12:24 at 11:40 a.m.? GROGAN: That’s what it says. GERAGOS: Okay. And she said she saw the van and the safe being removed from the house, correct? GROGAN: That’s what it says.
(B) A statement by Adam Tenbrink, from State’s response to the Habeas appeal, page 131:
Defense investigator Jensen located Adam Tenbrink who stated that he and Todd were close friends and that Todd approached Adam on the evening of December 24, 2002, about helping him with a burglary that “was already started.” (20CT 6255)”
(C) Todd was clearly lying in his statement to police when he stated he saw mail in the Medina’s mailbox on the 25th December, when in reality mailman Graybill collected the outgoing mail on the 24th December ( only outgoing mail could be seen ). From the testimony of Michael Hicks:
GERAGOS: And then he told you that on Christmas, 12/25, that he was riding from his mom’s house to his place at the airport district; is that right? HICKS: Yes. GERAGOS: And he says that at that point when he road by he noticed, and this is on Covena, he says I’m riding my bike on Covena, right? HICKS: Yes. GERAGOS: Okay. Then he says on Christmas day when he road by he noticed that 516 Covena appeared to be empty; is that right? HICKS: That’s correct. GERAGOS: And 516 Covena is the Medina’s house, right? HICKS: Yes. GERAGOS: Okay. And he says he noticed it because there was only one car in the driveway, right? HICKS: Yes. GERAGOS: Which he described as being either a Mercedes or a ne 4 BMW, right? HICKS: Correct. GERAGOS: Okay. And he said he also noticed that the mail in the mail box; is that right? HICKS: Yes. GERAGOS: And he could see when he’s riding his bike down the street, not only the car, but that he could see mail in the mail box, right? HICKS: Yes.
Adam said someone told him that Laci had seen Todd rob the house
(E) Lt. Aponte heard that Laci saw Todd breaking in, from a monitored telephone conversation. From the Habeas response:
the jury never heard from Officer Xavier Aponte, a correctional officer at the California Rehabilitation Center in Norco, California. In January 2003 — only weeks after Laci disappeared — Officer Aponte monitored a telephone conversation between an inmate named Shawn Tenbrink and his brother Adam Tenbrink. Adam was a friend of burglar Steven Todd; during the conversation, Adam revealed that Todd confessed “Laci witnessed him breaking in.”
There is ample evidence that Laci Peterson walked the dog the day she vanished, after Scott left home, meaning that Scott could not have killed her, as his movements are accounted for.
Joseph Ray Daniels,31, was found guilty of murdering his five year old son. After initially saying his son had escaped, after being interrogated by police he gave a confession, and apparently believed he had killed his son but had no memory of it. Joseph made several statements where he had put the body, but no body was found in any of the locations.
According to a news report:
The state’s case lacked thoroughness and the confession was coerced, said defense attorney Matt Mitchell, who argued that Joe Clyde did leave that home through an unlocked door. He maintained prosecutors did not even prove the ostensible reason why Joseph Ray allegedly beat Baby Joe: for peeing on the floor. They literally tore out the carpet but did not prove it, Mitchell said. As described by the defense, this was representative of a investigation that did not cover every base it could have, with authorities ignoring other leads after they got the confession. This included someone reportedly seeing a child in muddy pajamas, or authorities failing to confirm whether a spot on the carpet was bleach.
According to the defense, the confession was coerced, with Daniels taking the fall for Alex after it was suggested that the Tennessee Bureau of Investigation would investigate the boy, who was then age 8. Mitchell, however, explicitly said he was not going to call Alex a liar, describing him instead as a child who presented the facts he was given. The boy’s story changed over time and that’s in large part because of Joseph Ray Daniels, the defense maintained.
Public Defender Jake Lockert spoke to the media after the verdict was announced and said they would be filing an appeal for a new trial. Lockert, who’s retiring soon, said he would not be leading that effort.”In a case like this where your client confesses multiple times and makes admissions against interest multiple times, it’s a difficult case to defend,” said Lockert.Lockert said the testimony of Joe Clyde’s half-brother, Alex, made the difference in the case.When asked if he would have done anything differently, Lockert said he would have put on more proof for the defense. He said they had an “eyewitness” who was in the house and would have testified that what Alex said happened did not happen.”In hindsight, we would have gone ahead and put on more proof, but at the time, we thought the best strategy was to cut the DA off so they couldn’t put on 28 more witnesses and the jury listen to phone call after phone call of our client confessing and saying things he shouldn’t be saying,” Lockert added.Lockert also said he still believes Joseph Daniels’ confession was coerced.
From a news report on on the testimony of Alex:
The child said he went through around 50 of the investigative interviews and therapy sessions at the Child Advocacy Center. “I told the other story, but this one’s obviously a lie. To be 100 percent honest, I just wanted to get out of there,” he testified Monday.
Michael Goodwin was convicted of the 1988 killing of racing legend Mickey Thompson and his wife.
Mickey Thompson received death treats by phone. The prosecution claimed they were from Michael Goodwin. But they weren’t. They were from the Cali Cartel. Mickey was laundering money for them with his stadium race events.
In 2011, Bulos (Paul) Zumot was convicted of the first-degree murder of his girlfriend Jennifer Schipsi, and of setting fire to their shared cottage in Palo Alto, California on October 15, 2009. Paul was arrested two days later, but not charged until July 22, 2010, about nine months later.
Paul had an alibi – that he was at his café when the cottage was set on fire,
John Eckland, who rented the cottage to Paul and Jennifer and lived in another house on the property, passed the cottage at 6:25 and 6:35 and did not see Paul’s car at either time. Eckland testified that “everything looked fine” when he passed at 6:35 p.m.
Another witness passed the cottage at 6:25 on the way to Eckland’s house for dinner and testified that nothing was amiss. The shades in the cottage were drawn when both individuals passed. At 6:39 p.m., a witness called 911 after he observed smoke pouring out of the cottage. When no one answered the door at the cottage, the witness knocked on Eckland’s door. Firefighters found Jennifer’s body on the bed with a red melted gas container lying near her.
Thus, there is clear evidence that the fire was started sometime between 6:35 and 6:40pm. The cottage is 1.2 miles from café.
Café employee Ahmed Alaghabash, who was interviewed by police at the time of the murder, testified that Paul called before he arrived at the café, asking Jehad to make a tea and hookah for him. He testified that Paul arrived at the café sometime between 6:30 and 6:40 p.m., about ten minutes before the fire truck went by the café. Paul went outside when he heard the fire truck and then returned inside for his tea and hookah.
There was video evidence showing Paul entering the cafe at 6.47pm.
What was never pointed out to the jury, is that the video also showed Paul inside the café before he entered at 6.47pm.
After trial, the State conceded that the video surveillance showed Paul inside the café before 6:47:38, at both 6:45 and at 6:47:12.13, having argued at trial that Paul first entered the café later, on the basis of the video evidence, meaning he would have had time to start the fire at the cottage and drive to the café.
Thus the video actually contradicted the prosecution case, rather than supporting it, and supported the testimony of Paul and Ahmed Alaghabash, rather than contradicting it as the prosecution claimed!
The relationship between Paul and Jennifer,
The relationship between Paul and Jennifer was unstable. There were text messages in which Paul called Jennifer a “cancer” and told her that he needed to get her out of his life “at any price”, however in other texts, Paul told Jennifer that he loved her and begged for her forgiveness. Paul had pleaded guilty to making harassing phone calls ( including calls fabricated by Jennifer, see below ), and attended a DV class shortly before the fire started.
This history of conflict made Paul an obvious suspect.
The evening before the murder, they had fallen out and then made up ( in fact the prosecution theory at the preliminary was that Paul had strangled Jennifer on returning home, however it’s clear they made up, as there was a video on her phone showing them having sex early in the morning ).
What was crucial, to Paul’s credibility, and also to Jennifer’s credibility, were number-withheld threatening phone calls, which Paul denied making. After trial, Roy, a close friend of Jennifer, admitted that Jennifer had asked him to make these calls to portray Paul as abusive to police.
You might wonder why Jennifer’s credibility was an issue, given she was dead and could not testify. The answer is that all kinds of hearsay statements Jennifer had made were heard by the jury, even though she could not testify. Thus there was no way to know if the statements were made-up or true, no way in which she could be even asked if the statements were true, or cross-examined. Thus evidence that Jennifer was making false accusations to police about Paul is crucial.
There was also evidence that Jennifer was abusive as well as manipulative. On the day when she made up the threat call, Paul left her, went to the office and told her he no longer wanted to be with her. Jennifer went to the office, kicked and broke the door, and hit him with keys, gashing his face, and then called police. Paul did admit to verbal retaliation, and even spitting at Jennifer after he found her making out with her boss, but there was no independent evidence he was physically abusive.
The remaining witnesses
Susie Schlopp – was a totally non-credible witness for multiple reasons. Her testimony conflicted with both other evidence and her own testimony. For example:
Q. Okay. So you waited three months till you saw a picture in the paper of somebody who had been arrested, and then all of a sudden, you remembered you had this vivid memory; is that right? A. Yes. Q. Now, the — then why did you tell the officer if he was — “If I told you he was driving a sports car that day, then it must not be him”?
Q. So you’ve got a fraction of a second to see the person as they’re driving very fast. Did you know the street? A Correct. Q Okay. And then three months later, you see a picture in the paper and the light bulb goes off, it must be the same person; is that correct?
According to the appeal ruling overturning the conviction “Scholpp had initially told police that she saw nothing unusual on the night of the fire, but said that she came forward three months later after recognizing Zumot’s picture in the newspaper. Cell phone evidence at 6:16 p.m., four minutes before Scholpp testified to seeing Zumot near the cottage, showed that he was four miles away from the cottage”.
Has to be one of the worst witnesses ever.
Rosie the dog
Rosie the dog – alerted, but scientific tests showed no trace of gasoline on Paul’s clothes.
Deputy Sheriff Joseph Martinez, Paul’s friend, was interviewed soon after the murder, then again much later on November 6. In this second interview, Joseph said that very early in the morning ( 5am to 7am ) Paul called him a second time, and made statements apparently inconsistent with what Paul told him the day before, and what Paul told police. Joseph claimed Paul said that he visited the cottage after the DV class. However when he testified as follows:
Q. Did that strike you as different from what he had told you the day before? A. Later on, it did. At the time, I wasn’t really focused on that part of the conversation.
Given that Joseph “wasn’t really focused on that part of the conversation”, and didn’t notice any discrepancy with what Paul told him the day before even when interviewed by police, it’s likely he did not properly understand what Paul said to him. He also was quite vague about even the time of the call, suggesting his memory was not good several weeks later, when he first told police about the second call.
Paul did go back to the cottage but that was earlier in the day after he stopped at the police station to get the documents for another case. Apparently Joseph didn’t understand this was earlier in the day.
Expert testimony on mobile phones
There was also extensive mobile phone testimony that was totally discredited ( and I will say no more about this ).
An implausible case
Paul had no trace of gasoline on his clothing, making it very unlikely he could have set the fire. He also had no scratches or signs he was involved in a struggle, unlikely if he strangled Jennifer. The prosecution suggested his motive was that Jennifer was demanding money, however her threats were not credible, and her demands were based on a false claim Paul damaged her vehicle.
To summarise, Paul has a very strong alibi supported by both witness and video. The prosecution have no case at all, other than Paul being a suspect due to his unstable relationship with Jennifer, and a witness who likely misunderstood or mis-remembered what Paul said in an early morning phone call.
Jodi Jones, age 14, was brutally murdered in Dalkeith, Scotland on 30 June 2003. Police at once focused on Luke Mitchell, Jodi’s boyfriend.
Luke was arrested and charged eight months later, after a media storm, and was ordered to serve at least 20 years in prison.
However, he is blatantly innocent, the victim of trial by media.
According to a report on a documentary broadcast on February 24, 2011
Investigators John Sallens and Michael Neil found another person of interest to the crime who “turned up with scratches on his face” the day after the murder. Mark Kane was an alleged drug user studying at Newbattle Abbey College in Dalkeith, who was “untraceable” during the murder hunt. He bares a striking resemblance to Luke, and lived very close to the murder site. He’s described as “a very, very disturbed boy who carried a knife” and was on methadone at the time, as well as cannabis and lager. Mark says he obtained the scratches by “falling in a bush”.
At the age of just 18 years old, Mike Crump was arrested and wrongfully convicted of the tragic murder of 21-year-old Eric “Nike” Jones in Virginia after an eyewitness misidentified Mike due to his hoodie.
There was NO other evidence against Mike, no fingerprints, no DNA, just the word of one eyewitness who initially said it was too dark to see anything and she did not see the killer’s face, only the hooded sweatshirt that the killer wore.
Despite the lack of solid evidence against Mike, he was shockingly convicted by a single judge at a one day bench trial in 1996. Mike was sentenced to a total of 40 years for a crime he did not commit and for which he continues to maintain his innocence.
Again and again in Mike’s case, evidence of his innocence has been disregarded.
In 1993, at 19 years of age, Wilson Rivera was arrested, charged, and eventually convicted of two counts of murder. During the sentencing phase of his case, Wilson addressed the sentencing judge maintaining his innocence. Wilson asserted that his conviction was a consequence of perjuriously obtained testimony and fabricated evidence.
1. There were no eyewitness testimony identifying Wilson as one of the perpetrators of the crime. The sole eyewitness for the prosecutor testified that the perpetrator was 5’3″-5’5″, sounded white, and was wearing a poncho and a dark ski mask. Wilson is 5’10” with an accent.
2. Detroit Police failed to brush for fingerprints at the scene, although 5-6 shell casings were recovered and there was evidence that the perpetrator had touched the door jamb of the front door before forcing it open and gaining entrance to the house.
3. No murder weapon was ever recovered
4. Wilson never implicated himself. On the contrary, Wilson’s statement to the police contained his whereabouts during the hours that the crime was taking place.
5. Although various caliber ammunition was found where Wilson was arrested, none matched the caliber of the weapon used to commit the offense.
6. Wilson was placed under arrest a few hours after the homicides, he was never administered a gun-residue test, however, one was administered to the sole eyewitness.
7. The perpetrator left a clear shoeprint at the scene of the crime, but Detroit Police failed to look for a match once Wilson was arrested in his home.The Detroit Police suborned perjury
The prosecutor indulged in prosecutorial misconduct, which deprived Wilson of a fair trial
Detroit Police indulged in multiple acts of misconduct in order to ensure the charges against Wilson would stick
Defense counsel and appellate counsel proved ineffective.
If you are looking for an alternate suspect in a potential wrongful conviction, the first place you should start is the prosecution’s star witness. For example, the infamous case of Pam Hupp, who not only framed Russ Faria for a crime she committed herself, but tried it again, murdering an innocent man in the process.
This post is about a slightly different kind of false accusation, my premise is that the Zodiac Killer (Edward Wayne Edwards) was actively generating false leads, or accusations about the identity of the Zodiac Killer, and some of these falsely accused people are still considered by some to be suspects,
Donald Lee Bujok
This is a case when the evidence is very clear. Edward Wayne Edwards accused “Richard” at Deer Lodge prison of being the Zodiac, whose biographical details match Bujok : Bujok did murder a Sheriff’s Deputy, and also worked as a car mechanic at Deer Lodge. He also was a good resemblance to the drawing of the Zodiac made following the murder of Paul Lee Stine. See here for a transcript of the news report. Both Kay ( Edwards’ wife) and the journalist confirmed that he was the anonymous source, the “37-YEAR-OLD convict” from Akron who served time in Deer Lodge prison.
Edwards pretended to be retarded when talking to an 8-year-old boy who then accused Anthony. Edwards brought a Xylophone with him to emphasise the name to Margot Burns ( a witness who was terrorised by Edwards). Other musical clues he used are here .
There appear to be all kinds of clues in the Zodiac ciphers and letters, pointing to Richard Gaikowski. Whether these were intended to suggest Gaikowski as a suspect is unclear to me, but it seems quite possible.
The Scotch Tape letter and the Atlanta Child Killings
Scotch Tape and the voice of Lawrence Klein were found at the scene of one of the Atlanta Child Killings, following the publication of the Zodiac “Scotch Tape” letter.
Cheryl Jo Bates’s Killer
The Zodiac fingered the killer of Cheryl Jo Bates (CJBK) when he referred to “riverside activity”. The linkage with CJBK was repeated in the “Zodiac Killer Leads” article in which Edwards accused Donald Lee Bujok. Edwards was in prison at the time of Bate’s murder, so the linkage gave him an alibi. Theory is Zodiac wasn’t CJBK, rather he adopted CJBK’s identity. Edwards previously adopted the identity of his adoptive brother (born 1933), he was born Charles Edward Meyers in 1928.
Manson was a member of the Sierra Club, the Zodiac Pines Card has “Sierra Club” in it. In addition, BRINGO in the 340 cipher references Bonanza ( B side of Ringo ), which was filmed at the Manson ranch. There is also a “Zodiac Car”, possibly Edwards sprayed shortly before he was arrested in 2009.
Note: this may not have been an accusation, so much as a “I taught Charles” reference.
In a 1993 letter to the FBI found in his papers, Edwards requested his criminal and history records for cities in 19 States, claimed that J. Edgar Hoover “more or less gave me permission to proceed” with his 1972 autobiography “after I assured him there was nothing in it bad about the FBI” and he was writing a new book about criminals he met while incarcerated, such as Tony Provenzano, Charles Manson and Jimmy Hoffa.
On April 11, 2003 Steve Hodel’s theory that his father murdered the Black Dahlia in 1947 was announced, on April 13 further rumours in the Black Dahlia case were announced, the very same day that Conner’s body was found. See here.
Could Edwards have planted the bodies of Conner and Laci to “steal” Steve Hodel’s thunder? Was this no strange coincidence, even a clue? See here for the extensive evidence that it was Edwards that murdered the “Black Dahlia” ( Elizabeth Short ) in 1947.
Edwards referred to George Hill Hodel Jr as “Over The Hill Hodel” in 1971, according to Margot Burns.
[ In this instance, I don’t have evidence Edwards actively tried to frame George Hodel, just a curious coincidence ]
Eric Anderson was wrongfully convicted of a crime he did not commit! His conviction was due to “Outrageous Government Misconduct” that goes beyond Prosecution Misconduct! He has been sitting on San Quentin’s Death row for the past 15 years! He is still on a waiting list just to be appointed a State Habeas Appeal lawyer.
The Prosecution (through crime stoppers) paid the first witness, a female $10,000, which $9000, came from the victim’s family, before Preliminary Hearings. Then after this reward was paid, this same witness not only changed her story 7 times, but also failed the polygraph exam, beyond that there’s the evidence given to show she was lying. We believe once it became clear she was lying, it was too late for the Prosecutor to say “oops, we made a mistake”, and explain to the victim’s family they gave away $9000 of their money to a liar, and on top of that, hamper any case going forward on the others. They doubled-down on her lies and it is why they gave a self admitted guilty co-defendant a Plea Deal, even after knowing this second witness was lying. The prosecutor had multiple sources of evidence to know he was lying!
The prosecutor also lied in closing arguments, to the Jury the facts of a second witness Plea Deal, and claimed he was free to say “Martians came down and did it, and he would still get his deal-when the facts were he was locked into his statement he gave in his “Free Talk”.
The Prosecutor’s Investigator got on the stand to lie about evidence that doesn’t exist. Two weeks later a Stipulation was forced to recant, but the purpose and importance of this Stipulation-clearly was missed by the Jury.
The same Prosecutor’s Investigators also show the first witness a “Photo line up” which all 6 photos were of Eric Anderson and had his parole information on them. Then she claims to identify Eric by his prison issued glasses, which were replaced 2 years beforehand. There were other issues with her claim of identifying Eric as well.
The victim before dying gave his description of the shooter: Salt and pepper hair, with a full beard. Age about 45! No mention of glasses. Eric wears glasses and was in his 20’s, with dark brown hair!
The Prosecution’s Investigator changes witness’s statement reports and when these same witnesses testified, this isn’t what they said, they were pressed into agreeing what was written on a report and when at least 4 witnesses didn’t agree, the Prosecutor Impeached his own witnesses, in order to get in false statements found in these reports.
Eric Anderson’s cell phone records alone prove both of the State’s main witnesses perjured themselves, and that whole stories about what Eric did was false, because it shows he was somewhere else, in a different city, then where they claimed he was.
In 2002, Wayne Grimes was a rural alderman in Grundy County TN, who stood up against drug thugs taking over the board and the region. He was soon indicted for a five-year-old murder that most knew the wife had done, even the prosecutor and State investigator who admitted to this.
The trial was stunning, had no evidence, just the fabricated and changed story by the wife, coerced by the state.
The prosecution case is that Conner washed ashore, however a careful consideration of the tide levels proves that this is not possible.
First, it’s necessary to understand that not every high tide is equal, and in fact the highest high tides are about a foot higher than the average high tide.
The following chart shows the tide level around the discovery of Conner’s body:
The height of the high tide which might have washed Conner ashore is 5.88 feet. The following image shows the site when the high tide was slightly more than that ( 5.94 feet ):
Clearly, Conner could not have reached the position of the balloons, even with this slightly higher level.
However, the jury were shown this picture, taken on January 10, 2004, when the high tide was 6.39 feet, six inches higher:
It’s obvious that the additional six inches in the water depth makes a big difference. The whole area is nearly submerged, and it becomes plausible Conner could have floated to the position where he was found. But this is not the high tide level on the day Conner could have washed ashore!
Finally, Conner was found ABOVE the debris line which is formed each time the tide comes in. This is confirmation that Conner could not have floated to the location he was found. Instead, he was either moved after floating ashore ( which seems unlikely ) or someone placed his body where it was found, possibly using a boat to access the location.
“Abramowski’s fingerprints were not found at the crime scene. There was no blood evidence found on his clothing, despite copious amounts at the murder scene. The only thing tying Abramowski to the murder scene is a trace of DNA apparently found under Crandall’s fingernail.”
“Jeffrey Abramowski’s first trial ended in a mistrial when one of the state’s jailhouse snitches changed his mind and said he had been coerced by the state. ”
According to a Federal Appeal brief filed in 2016:
Petitioner asserts that he is actually innocent, and that his conviction after two mistrials is amiscarriage of justice on all levels. First, the victim of this case was involved in an altercation with Bruce Foley just days before the murder where Bruce Foley told the victim that he would kill him.
Furthermore,Bruce Foley beat the victim repeatedly with his fists and other blunt instruments, and it was only after the police were called and third parties intervened that Bruce Foley stopped attacking the victim.Furthermore, Bruce Foley fled the state of Florida shortly after the murder of the decedent, and his DNA and other physical evidence from Bruce Foley was found at the murder scene.
The DNA evidence is also not properly analyzed in that the victim shares a single loci with Petitioner, and as such there are only matches at two loci of the DNA profile found on the victim.
Furthermore, the record is clear that the Brevard County Sheriffs engaged in misconduct, which included getting a jail house snitch to lie on the stand, resulting in the first mistrial.
Furthermore, Bruce Foley, who threatened to kill the victim days before this incident, which was witnessed by several individuals and contained in police report provided by the State of Florida, fled the State the day of or the day after the victims other blunt force objects which was the method and manner that Bruce Foley used to attack the victim just days before his murder including beating him with a golf club. It wasn’t until third parties intervened and that police were called that the fight broke up.
Clearly, not only the circumstances surrounding the conviction of Petitioner is bizarre are best, that is two mistrials and then a third being represented by an inexperienced Attorney in the throes of severe illness, there are a lot of facts and other suspects which were not explored, developed or discussed at Petitioners Jury Trial.
On May 1, 2008 Richard and Brenda Kowalski were found dead at their Livingston County home in rural Michigan. Both had been shot. In the 911 call, their adult son named his uncle, Jerome Kowalski, as a suspect.
Jerome was addicted to alcohol, and after being questioned by police began to think it was possible he committed the crime but didn’t remember. When he was told the murder weapon was a 0.38 gun rather than the 9mm gun he owned, he realised he couldn’t have done it.
Lead detective Sean Furlong started accusing Jerome’s sons of committing the murders. Jerome denied it. Furlong then threatened to bring them in for questioning.
Jerome claimed he didn’t want his sons to go through what he was going through, so he finally gave police a signed confession.
At trial, forensic pathologist Werner Spitz testified the time of death was in the middle of the night, when Jerome was working security at a military base.
Jerome’s attorneys expected to get the confession thrown out, but this was denied by Livingston County District Court Judge Theresa Brennan, who also refused to allow an expert on false confessions to testify, calling the expert witness “unreliable and irrelevant.”
However, Brennan was having an affair with the lead detective, failed to recuse herself and lied about the affair. She has now been removed from office by the Michigan Supreme Court, and pleaded guilty to a charge of perjury ( other charges were dropped ).
Jerome’s attorneys have requested a false confession expert be allowed to testify at the new trial, scheduled to take place in January. Shiawassee County Circuit Court Judge Matthew Stewart will rule on the motions on December 17, 2019. The retrial is set for January 20, 2020.
On June 25, 2015 two-year-old Bella Bond’s unidentified body washed up on shore in a trash bag, on deer island in Boston Harbor.
Bella was the third child of Rachelle Bond, who had a lengthy criminal history. Rachelle’s first two children had been removed from her care, but the Department of Children and Families (DCF) nevertheless deemed Rachelle fit to care for Bella.
In July, police set up a tip line, and a woman called in who told them that the washed up child was Bella, and Rachelle had been behaving in a psychotic fashion when Bella was last seen, however there was no follow-up on the tip.
In September after Bella’s father Joe confronted Rachelle, police called to question Rachelle, but she jumped out of a window and fled. She then told Joe that Michael had killed Bella, and held her hostage for four months. When Joe became upset, Rachelle said “shut the F–K up, they are on to me, you’re going to get me bagged.”
When finally questioned by police, Rachelle told yet another bizarre story claiming Michael had killed Bella and “I couldn’t call the police or anybody after that as he held me hostage and had hitmen waiting outside of my house that would shoot me if I called 911.”
In spite of the changing, bizarre and impossible stories from a woman who was apparently mentally ill, police decided to charge Michael with murder, even though there was nothing to corroborate Rachelle’s impossible story.
At trial, Rachelle’s testimony was contradicted by the Medical Examiner. In spite of the obvious credibility problem, and no independent evidence to link Michael to the crime, the jury convicted Michael of 2nd degree murder after deliberating for just over four days.
Michael Doolin, a Dorchester criminal defense attorney who followed the case closely said he was very surprised by the verdict.
Jonathan Shapiro, defense attorney, said the verdict was a travesty of justice and incomprehensible.
Paul Skalnik learned about the benefits of being a jailhouse informant when he was in the Harris County Jail in Texas in 1978 for passing bad checks.
Skalnik had drained his wife’s checking account, used her good credit to buy a Lincoln Continental and a customized Dodge van, and opened credit cards in her name, according to a New York Times Magazine investigation with ProPublica.
Skalnik was in jail when police began asking inmates for information on the “Moody Park Three,” anti-police-brutality activists who were charged with inciting a riot. Skalnik called the DA’s office and said he could help.
In court, Skalnik told jurors that one of the defendants had confessed to him in prison that his plan all along was to “incite the Mexican American youngsters.” The defendant and his two co-defendants were convicted.
Skalnik soon learned how his information would benefit him in Florida, where he had been convicted of grand larceny and sentenced for violating probation. Prosecutors recommended he that Skalnik be moved from jail to work release.
Since then, Skalnik’s testimony helped send dozens of people to prison, including four on death row, according to the article. In Pinellas County, Florida, alone, Skalnik testified or supplied information in at least 37 cases from 1981 to 1987.
In 1998, John Maloney’s wife under the influence of alcohol, attempted to commit suicide, didn’t succeed, but then died in an accidental fire.
Due to a group of corrupt right-wing investigators and attorneys ( including a defense attorney who threw both the trial and the appeal ) John Maloney was convicted of murder and is in prison, sentenced to life with no chance of parole for 25 years.
The case of Elizabeth Short ( the “Black Dahlia” ) murdered in January 1947 turns out to be a key piece in a complex puzzle of evidence connecting serial killer Edward Wayne Edwards to seven wrongful convictions. This article gives an overview of ten related cases, and explains significant new evidence discovered since John Cameron’s book on Edwards was published in 2014.
The Ten Cases
1. Josephine Ross, Frances Brown and Suzanne Degnan ( William Heirens convicted )
On June 5, 1945, 43-year-old Josephine Ross was found dead in her apartment at 4108 North Kenmore Avenue, Chicago. She had been repeatedly stabbed, and her head was wrapped in a dress. She was presumed to have surprised an intruder, who then killed her. Dark hairs were found clutched in Ross’ hand, indicating that she had struggled with the intruder before she was killed. No valuables were taken from the apartment.
On December 10, 1945, Frances Brown, a divorced woman, was discovered with a knife lodged in her neck and bullet wound to the head in her apartment at 3941 North Pine Grove Avenue, Chicago, after a cleaning woman heard a radio playing loudly and noted Brown’s partly open door. Brown had been savagely stabbed, and authorities thought that a burglar had been discovered or interrupted. No valuables were taken, but a message in lipstick on the wall of Brown’s apartment was left:
On January 7, 1946, six-year-old Suzanne Degnan was discovered missing from her first-floor bedroom in Edgewater, Chicago. Police found a ladder outside the girl’s window, and a ransom note:
“GeI $20,000 Reddy & wAITe foR WoRd. do NoT NoTify FBI oR Police. Bills IN 5’s & 10’s. BuRN This FoR heR SAfTY.”
A man repeatedly called the Degnan residence demanding the ransom, but hung up before any meaningful conversation could take place.
William Heirens confessed to these three murders, and pleaded guilty, but there are numerous indications that the confessions were false.
2. Elizabeth Short
On the morning of January 15, 1947, Elizabeth Short’s naked body was found severed into two pieces, after being last seen alive on January 9, 1947.
On March 14, an apparent suicide note scrawled in pencil on a bit of foolscap was found tucked in a shoe in a pile of men’s clothing by the ocean’s edge at the foot of Breeze Ave. Venice. The note read: “To whom it may concern: I have waited for the police to capture me for the Black Dahlia killing, but have not. I am too much of a coward to turn myself in, so this is the best way out for me. I couldn’t help myself for that, or this. Sorry, Mary.” The pile of clothing was first seen by a beach caretaker, who reported the discovery to John Dillon, lifeguard captain. Dillon immediately notified Capt. L. E. Christensen of West Los Angeles Police Station. The clothes included a coat and trousers of blue herringbone tweed, a brown and white Y shirt, white jockey shorts, tan socks and tan moccasin leisure shoes, size about eight. The clothes gave no clue about the identity of their owner.
Crime authors such as Steve Hodel (son of George Hill Hodel) and William Rasmussen have suggested a link between the Short murder and the 1946 murder and dismemberment of six-year-old Suzanne Degnan in Chicago, Illinois. Captain Donahoe of the LAPD stated publicly that he believed the Black Dahlia and the Chicago Lipstick Murders were “likely connected”. Among the evidence cited is the fact that Short’s body was found on Norton Avenue, three blocks west of Degnan Boulevard, Degnan being the last name of the girl from Chicago. There were also striking similarities between the handwriting on the Degnan ransom note and that of the “Black Dahlia Avenger”. Both texts used a combination of capitals and small letters (the Degnan note read in part “BuRN This FoR heR SAfTY” [sic]), and both notes contain a similar misshapen letter P and have one word that matches exactly.
3. Marilyn Reese Sheppard ( Husband Sam Sheppard wrongly convicted )
Samuel Holmes “Sam” Sheppard (December 29, 1923 – April 6, 1970) was an American osteopathic physician and, toward the end of his life, a professional wrestler. He was convicted of the brutal murder of his pregnant wife, Marilyn Reese Sheppard on July 4, 1954, at their Bay Village, Ohio, home. He spent almost a decade in prison, mostly at the Ohio Penitentiary, before a retrial was ordered, where he was acquitted in 1966.
On June 6, 1966, the U.S. Supreme Court, by an 8-to-1 vote, struck down the murder conviction. The decision noted, among other factors, that a “carnival atmosphere” had permeated the trial, and that the trial judge Edward J. Blythin, was clearly biased against Sheppard because Judge Blythin had refused to sequester the jury, did not order the jury to ignore and disregard media reports of the case, and when speaking to newspaper columnist Dorothy Kilgallen shortly before the trial started said, “Well, he’s guilty as hell. There’s no question about it.”
Stephanie Bryan (age 14) was last seen on April 28, 1955, walking home from school where she went through the parking lot of the Claremont Hotel. A large-scale search failed to find her. In mid-July, Georgia Abbott, Burton Abbott’s wife, reported finding personal effects which had belonged to the girl, including a purse and an ID card, in the basement of the Abbotts’ home in Alameda. The basement was in the home she shared with her husband, their son Christopher, and Burton’s mother, Elsie Abbott (née Moore).
In interviewing the Abbotts, the police learned that Elsie Abbott had found the purse earlier, but said she did not connect it with the case. She would profess her son’s innocence until she died.
Police subsequently recovered Stephanie’s glasses, a brassiere, and other evidence in the basement. No one in the family could account for how the victim’s personal effects came to be in the basement.
Abbott stated he had been at the family’s cabin 285 miles away near Weaverville, California, in Trinity County, when Stephanie disappeared.
On July 20, 1955, the victim’s body was found by The San Francisco Examiner reporter Ed Montgomery, in a shallow grave, a few hundred feet from the cabin and Abbott was charged with her rape and murder.
Abbott was subsequently convicted, sentenced to death, and executed after a stay from the governor reached the execution chamber too late.
Edwards apparently led Montgomery to the body, using a false name:
5. The Robison Family Murders
On June 25, 1968, near Cross Village Michigan, a family of six were executed in their summer cabin. The bodies were not found until July 22.
John Cameron obtained the case file with a FOIA request.
The letters “EBE” are highlighted in two documents, see “It’s Me”, page. 254. Cameron suggests Edwards thought of himself as “Edward Burns Edwards”.
When the prime suspect Scolaro learned of the impending charges and arrest, he committed suicide on March 8, 1973.
6. The Zodiac Killings
The Zodiac killings started on December 20, 1968. The killer targeted four men and three women between the ages of 16 and 29, with two of the men surviving attempted murder. The Zodiac himself claimed to have killed up to 37 victims. The killer originated the name “Zodiac” in a series of taunting letters and postcards sent to the local Bay Area press. See here for more evidence that Edwards was the Zodiac killer.
8. Laci Peterson ( Husband Scott Peterson convicted )
Laci Peterson disappeared while 8 months pregnant with her first child around December 24, 2002. Her husband Scott Peterson was convicted of murder and sentenced to death. An anonymous message was sent to the press soon after Laci and her son Conner’s remains were discovered on the shore of San Francisco bay, hundreds of further messages posted by “I Killed Laci Peterson” were subsequently posted. A cryptic signature apparently encoding “Edward E” ends “1947”, apparently referring back to the murder of Elizabeth Short. See here for more evidence on Laci/Scott Peterson..
9. Teresa Halbach ( Steven Avery and Brendan Dassey convicted )
Sometime during the day on October 31, 2005, photographer Teresa Halbach was scheduled to meet with Steven Avery, one of the owners of Avery Auto Salvage, to photograph a maroon Plymouth Voyager minivan for Auto Trader Magazine.
On November 11, 2005, Steven Avery was charged and later convicted of the murder of Halbach. Avery protested that he had been framed. Brenda Dassey ( who was an alibi for Avery ) was also convicted after making a confession that has all the hallmarks of being false. Two anonymous notes were left. See here for more on Teresa Halbach.
10. Coleman Family ( Husband and father Chris Coleman convicted )
Chris Coleman was convicted of strangling his wife, Sherri, and their boys Garrett, 11, and Gavin, 9, on May 5, 2009. Red, spray-painted graffiti messages were left inside the house. The messages apparently reference the 1947 murder of Elizabeth Short. See Opinion: New trial likely for murder of wife, two sons.
The Old Evidence
John Cameron connected the above murders ( with the exception of Teresa Halbach and Laci Peterson ) to Edwards in his 2014 book mostly using various anonymous writings – either discovered at a crime scene, sent to newspapers, or left on the internet, most notably in a website about the Black Dahlia case ( BlackDahliaSolution.org ).
The Peterson case is mentioned in appendices, but without any detail. John Cameron contacted me in 2015, sending me a copy of his book. I started to understand Edwards, and the evidence linking Edwards to the Peterson case, including the “Message from God” and the “I Killed Laci Peterson” messages, I also decoded the “Short Code” signature, see here. I already knew Scott Peterson was innocent on the basis of other evidence.
The New Evidence
In August 2019, I was contacted by Margot Burns ( first name changed ), who explained that she encountered Edwards in 1971, she had been forced to help him prepare one of the Zodiac cards, and he confessed to the murders of Elizabeth Short, Stephanie Bryan, Paul Lee Stine and to directing the planting of the remains of Laci Peterson on the shore of San Francisco Bay using a boat.
Finally there is evidence that Edwards and/or his associates was manipulating and mis-directing people who were studying the murders:
The “fratpack” forum on which the “I Killed Laci Peterson” messages were posted was apparently being run by Edwards and/or his associates. This was used to mis-lead people into thinking the author of the “I Killed Laci Peterson” messages was someone who was looking into the case.
On April 11, 2003 Steve Hodel’s theory that his father murdered the Black Dahlia in 1947 was announced, on April 13 further rumours in the Black Dahlia case were announced, the very same day that Conner’s body was found. See here.
The final page of the the BlackDahliaSolution website discussed Larry Harnisch, a Los Angeles Times copy editor and writer, who published books about the case.
The author of the BlackDahliaSolution website claimed he was 13 years old in January 1947, after being challenged about knowing an inordinate amount about the case in the FAQ section ( It’s Me, page 303 ). If Edwards was born June 14, 1933, as he claimed in this autobiography that would be true, but in fact records show he was born May 30, 1928 ). Conclusion : Edwards was using his fake birth date as a cover story.
The evidence linking Edwards to the wrongful convictions of William Heirens, Sam Sheppard, Burton Abbott, the West Memphis Three, Scott Peterson, Steven Avery, Brendan Dassey and Chris Coleman is extensive and compelling. Edwards committed murders and framed innocent people from 1945 to 2009. See here for more on Edwards.
[ Teresa Halbach disappeared on October 31, 2005 ]
Selected messages, with possible interpretations in brackets [ … ]
95. Tue Oct 11, 2005 6:05 am Thus in a matter of days. I will return to my old ways. Read the paper. It will happen sooner than later. [ Edwards gives notice there will be a high profile murder reported by newspapers. ]
96. Tue Oct 11, 2005 6:10 am
Fore if you may have my number. You will enter a permanent slumber. [ If someone has Edwards’ telephone number, they will be killed. ]
97. Tue Oct 11, 2005 6:15 am
Fore you and I should meet. Only once never to repeat. It is those as you.
Whom look best when turning blue.
98. Tue Oct 11, 2005 6:18 am
Not wise enough to figure my numbers.
Fore which you write proves your dumber.
99. Tue Oct 11, 2005 6:24 am
Fore now it is my time to leave.
Thus this is a time you should believe.
Now to prove what I say.
I return to my old ways. [ Edwards re-iterates he is leaving, returning to some previous MO ]
100. Tue Oct 11, 2005 6:27 am
As the waters become cool. I seek out someone new.
157. Sun Oct 30, 2005 1:25 pm [Annie has this as 12:25 p.m.]
Fore if you break the code. Then it is you who will know.
Fore now we will see. If you are as smart as me.
218. Nov 13, 2005 7:25 pm
Fore thee who break ith thee code. Will be led to my humble la bode. [ The long code somehow points to Edwards’ home address ]
245. Posted: Sun Nov 27, 2005 4:27 pm
Fore thou say what I do shocks the world. I laugh at thee so seek a
woman with a man an earl. [ A reference to Steven Avery’s brother, Earl Avery. Steven accused his brothers, Earl and Charles, of possibly killing her. But Earl says that Steven apologized to him and that they’ve made up. ]
The timing and content of these messages suggest that Edwards was involved in the murder of Teresa Halbach, confirming the interpretation of the other anonymous messages.
Update February 9, 2021
Messages from Margaret Main ( a.k.a Margot Burns), relating to the case:
Now that (Halbach) I do know Ed was involved in.
27 Sep 2017, 18:23
Not the right video that shows the blue cars but this one does show where I was told the Rave4 was DRIVEN in to the salvage yard. The wheel cover is probably still up there unless someone was smart enough to get over their own theories and look at the other options. I believe Ed counted on people fixating on their own intelligence and not recognizing his. I’m sorry to be unloading this on you. I’m getting desperate to have people recognize who Ed was and his abilities to control people. I was fed information when I was in an altered state. I don’t know who will believe me really except maybe Margene and hopefully some of his other controls who begin to remember after his name gets more out into the public. Then again those people may all be in institutions or their memories could put them there when they do learn about Ed. I believe I was a lock box or a sort of time capsule for memories…someone he could brag to about his setups. I was not conscious but the information was fed into my subconscious. I had to find someone who knew Burton Abbott was innocent before I could begin to remember Ed. Boy did I find that person, 44 years after I started looking. I don’t know if Ed killed Teresa Halbach or just orchestrated the setup.
4 Oct 2017, 15:29
Yes, Ed said something about Teresa Halbach. I’ve told you in the past. I don’t know where or how to find the search in conversation tool.
16 Oct 2019, 13:33
I think someone has finally figured out that the 2 dark blue state police cars were involved in the coverup and that the hunting camp was too.
16 Oct 2019, 14:02
Ed told me the car was parked under the big evergreen tree at the camp for a while. It couldn’t be seen from the air during a search because of the “green” color of the car. I might have told you about that before.
31 Oct 2020, 15:27
On 2/19/2019 I messaged this to JC: “I finally remembered Ed talking about the red car in the Salvage yard and how the “idiot” thought he could move it over with the Rave4. He had to go around and enter the yard by where there was a single tree in the field behind the house with the half circle drive. You couldn’t get the car to the salvage yard from the quarry, or whatever that place was, on that side…way too steep. The stick figure looking thing in the middle of that quarry looked like a spaceman with a helmet that went way to one side to me. The person who drove the vehicle in didn’t follow instructions again and turned short by the wrong white vehicle. He hit that vehicle too or something on the way down to the pond. Anyway, on the 4th there were 2 people standing by a white station wagon signaling to the helicopter to show where to put the car…black or dark shirts and light brown or khaki pants. Something about a black car being backed too close or into the pond. I think that car was parked somewhere else afterward. He showed me in the video where the bones were found and the hunting camp where the Rave4 was parked under a large conifer tree behind a trailer or building…you wouldn’t know it was there if you flew over it because it was green and blended in. There may still be footage from at least the TV station. Ed also told me about the taillight on the car across from the Rave4. Someone almost got caught…maybe something to do with the Rave4’s battery.”
31 Oct 2020, 16:45
Ed wouldn’t have moved the car. Unless you think he was calling himself an “idiot” when he was talking about the person who put the car in the salvage yard.
31 Oct 2020, 21:47